Grade Two Curriculum Overview
In second grade, students engage in daily journal and creative writing, and continue to develop their cursive writing abilities. Our second graders continue to strengthen their phonetic skills, and learn consonant blends and vowel patterns. At this grade level, readers strengthen their fluency and implement reading strategies for further comprehension. Students practice relating the literature they read to real life experiences. Teachers also continue to focus on penmanship and cursive writing skills, correct grammar, capitalization, and punctuation.
In second grade, students use the My Math McGraw-Hill textbook to grasp concepts generally taught on a third grade level. We have transitioned to a hybrid mode of instruction, combining online instruction with hands-on projects, whole-class and small-group instruction, and collaborative peer grouping. Students also use the Assessment and Learning in Knowledge Spaces program (ALEKS) as a support and enrichment tool. Concepts covered in math include place value through the thousands, comparing and ordering numbers, rounding numbers up to the nearest hundred, addition and subtraction strategies, estimating sums and differences. Multiplication and division are formally introduced in second grade, and the topics students learn include multiplication and division strategies, multiplication and division facts through 12s, inverse operations, basic algebraic equations, writing expressions, and solving two-step equations. The students also learn fraction properties, measurement (mass, volume, liquid capacity, distance), elapsed time, interpreting and recording data and graphs, perimeter and area, and geometric properties of polygons.
Beginning in second grade and continuing through the remaining grades, teachers use a hybrid delivery method for science instruction. Topics covered in this grade include organisms and their habitats, Earth’s surface, weather, water cycles, natural resources, rocks and minerals, fossils, recycling, and the solar system. Students also learn about the scientific method, and create science fair experiments by researching a topic of their choice. All students complete science fair projects and participate in the school-wide science fair. In addition to science class and mini lab experiments in class, students visit the science lab a minimum of twice per month. During science lab, students participate in whole group exercises as well as individual or pair-and-share learning activities.
The second grade social studies curriculum is robust and involves learning about the past and present of the United States and US traditions, as well as mapping skills, landforms, and weather and climate. The Pearson curriculum uses “essential questions” to engage the students in the learning process. Students also utilize the 21st Century Learning Online Tutor to practice reading, graphing, mapping and critical thinking skills.
Students further explore the effective use of colors, including the use of complementary colors in their artwork. They are also introduced to the basic concept of creating a focal point in their artwork.
By second grade, students become proficient at keyboarding. Our students use different software programs to enhance learning in language arts, math, social studies, and geography. They learn to create a one- to two-page document using a word processing program, learn to use publishing programs, demonstrate a basic understanding of computer vocabulary, understand how to send and retrieve e-mail, and use the Internet to access information for research.
Students can also recognize that information may be available in a variety of formats and are able to name and use sources of information. At the end of their second grade year, students should be able to demonstrate the ability to perform a wide variety of basic tasks using technology, including saving, editing, printing, viewing, and graphing and presenting information.
Second graders learn to sing in a clear tone and develop a repertoire of songs, which they are encouraged to sing both alone and with others. They use appropriate movement to music. Second graders also learn to recognize sudden and gradual changes in expressive qualities of music, and can identify melodic patterns that move upward, downward, and remain the same. They also develop a vocabulary to explain how music expresses ideas, experiences, and feelings.
Second graders continue to develop fine and gross motor skills, and concepts of body and space awareness. They also learn to apply their individual skills to whole group play.
World Languages Program
The curriculum for this age group builds the foundation for proper articulation and use of punctuation. Students engage in speaking, reading, and writing activities, and study basic vocabulary and expressions, classroom commands, and cultural topics.
Language teachers engage their students in singing songs that develop a child’s musical talent and ear for correct pronunciation and intonation. Three times a year, students participate in special performances for their parents during the Winter Program, Mother’s Day program, and an end-of-the-year program.